Intention. Preaching needs a plan. What is your intention with your sermon? This involves much prayer and study of the text at hand. If you preach expositionally, you will certain have the parameters of the text from which to proceed. But given that the Spirit has inspired the Word, you must engage in persistent prayer and study of the passage. Cull your sermon down to one main point or intention. Even if you use multiple points, they should all feed the main intention.
Inform. Yes, preaching is about information. You are passing along propositional truths. Grammatically, these are known as indicatives—truths and objective facts of what God has revealed in His Word. “Christ has died, and has risen, and will come again” is an example. This speaks to what has been done.
Be careful not to bring every last thing you’ve culled in your study. You risk being a fire hose on your unsuspecting people. They point is not to show how much information you know, but the goal is transformation by the Word and the Spirit (Romans 12:1-2).
Inspire. This brings passion to the propositions! This gives heat to the light of God’s Word. To preach God’s Word without the corresponding passion will not inspire. The Apostle Paul in 2 Corinthians 5:14 says, “For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died” (NIV). That inner drive, that inner compulsion, that inner desire to rally the troops! This must be present—without it, it will land flat. And there’s no reason this should ever happen. It’s the Word! Preach!!
Illustrate. Preachers must connect biblical truth to present-day situations. Illustrations aren’t selling out, as if the Word is not sufficient! It is—and we must illustrate how the Word is brought to bear to the culture today. Spurgeon brings his usual insight:
In addressing my students in the College long ago, I was urging upon them the duty and necessity of using plenty of illustrations in their preaching, that they might be both interesting and instructive. I reminded them that the Saviour had many likes in his discourses. He said, over and over again, “The kingdom of heaven is LIKE”; “The kingdom of heaven is LIKE.” “Without a parable spake he not unto them.” The common people heard him gladly, because he was full of emblem and simile. A sermon without illustrations is like a room without windows. One student remarked that the difficulty was to get illustrations in any great abundance. “Yes”, I said, “if you do not wake up, but go through the world asleep, you cannot see illustrations; but if your minds were thoroughly aroused, and yet you could see nothing else in the world but a single tallow candle, you might find enough illustrations in that luminary to last you for six months.”
Illustrations bring light onto the truth being preached. You do not want to leave your people in the dark, do you?
Infuse. I use this word as a way to infuse the power of the Word by the Spirit into the lives of the believers through application. It’s the ‘so-what’ factor. “OK, you’re telling me this today—so what?” Again, this is not taking over for the Holy Spirit. Whereas the ‘inform’ aspect is about the indicatives, the ‘infuse’ part deals with the ‘imperatives’—the commands. “Walk worthy of the gospel.” The Ten Commandments. “Go, and do likewise.” These commands are infused via the information and illustrations given. You then inspire through the Spirit’s work in your heart concerning what God has revealed in Scripture.
Yes, young preachers have their work cut out for them—but if you have this paradigm before you, it will make the sermon easier on you—and your dear listeners.
Thoughts? Do you remember your first sermon? How have you changed from then until now?